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Design thinking is a problem-solving approach and methodology that emphasizes a human-centered and iterative process for creating innovative solutions. 

At its core, design thinking revolves around understanding the needs and perspectives of end-users or customers and using that understanding to drive the development of effective and desirable solutions. It encourages empathy, creativity, and collaboration throughout the problem-solving process.

The design thinking process typically consists of the following stages:

  1. Empathize: In this initial stage, designers seek to understand the experiences, needs, and challenges of the people they are designing for. They engage in active listening, observation, and interviews to gain insights into users' perspectives and uncover underlying problems.

  2. Define: Based on the insights gathered, designers define the problem they aim to solve. They reframe and synthesize the information obtained during the empathize stage to identify the core issues and establish a clear problem statement.

  3. Ideate: This stage involves generating a wide range of potential solutions. Designers encourage brainstorming and employ techniques such as mind mapping, sketching, or prototyping to explore multiple ideas without judgment. The goal is to foster creativity and generate innovative concepts.

  4. Prototype: In this phase, designers create low-fidelity representations of their ideas to communicate and test their concepts. Prototypes can be in the form of sketches, storyboards, wireframes, or even physical models. The focus is on quickly and iteratively developing tangible representations that can be shared and evaluated.

  5. Test: Designers gather feedback by testing their prototypes with users or stakeholders. This stage allows them to evaluate the viability and effectiveness of their ideas. Iterative testing and refinement help identify flaws, validate assumptions, and refine solutions based on user feedback.

  6. Iterate: Design thinking is an iterative process, and this stage involves going back to previous steps, refining ideas, and making necessary improvements based on the insights gained through testing. Designers repeat the process until they arrive at a solution that effectively addresses the problem at hand.

Design thinking encourages a collaborative and interdisciplinary approach, involving individuals with diverse backgrounds and skills. It emphasizes an open-minded and exploratory mindset, allowing for creative solutions that may challenge conventional thinking.

It provides a structured framework for problem-solving that prioritizes human needs, fosters innovation, and leads to user-centered solutions.

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